Different kinds of eating disorders

An eating disorder is a psychological disorder that is characterised by disturbed eating behaviour. Often, people dealing with an eating disorder have a disturbed body image and are afraid to gain weight. To prevent weight gain individuals with an eating disorder continuously watch what they eat, exercise excessively or rely on alternative compensatory methods. 

In other cases, individuals experience feelings of a loss of control and eat significantly more than other people in a short period of time. On this page we have created a clear overview of the different types of eating disorders, which are treated here at Rise Treatment Centre.

Anorexia Nervosa

Individuals suffering from Anorexia Nervosa experience a preoccupation with their body weight or shape, resulting in the limiting of food intake and weight loss. People with Anorexia Nervosa are afraid to gain weight and are therefore obsessed with losing weight. Because of this unhealthy weight loss, Anorexia Nervosa can have serious consequences for one's body and health.

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Binge Eating Disorder

 Individuals suffering from B.E.D. (Binge Eating Disorder) experience repeated instances of eating significantly more than what most people would eat in a short period of time. People suffering from B.E.D. do not engage in purging or compensatory behaviours. B.E.D. can be triggered by emotions like anger or sadness, and can result in feelings of guilt and shame from binging.

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Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa is a serious eating disorder with a pattern of recurrent binge eating and purging. This eating disorder is characterised by repeated instances of eating significantly more food than what most people would eat in a short period of time. After the episode of binge eating, feelings of guilt arise, resulting in attempts to compensate for the food eaten.

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Orthorexia Nervosa

If you suffer from Orthorexia Nervosa you are continuously working to eat responsibly and healthy. Eating 'unhealthy' products is something you find scary and prefer not to do. Unhealthy and obsessive thoughts, emotions and behaviours about eating ‘clean’ or ‘healthy’ food can drive individuals to isolate themselves from their friends and family.

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Individuals suffering from Other Specified Feeding and Eating Disorder (OSFED) show symptoms of all other eating disorders, and do not meet the strict criteria for Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, B.E.D. or ARFOD. OSFED can result in severe medical complications and other psychiatric illnesses. The most important thing to look out for is unusual attitudes about food and weights.

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The nutritional disorder ARFID stands for Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. The most important symptom is a limited or restrictive diet, resulting in a serious shortage of important nutrients, which can lead to weight loss, social problems and psychosocial impairments. With this disorder, the body's image is normal until Anorexia Nervosa occurs.

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